Objectives of NAIP
Agricultural innovations and diffusion of new technologies are important factors in the country’s quest for food, nutrition, environmental security and enhancement of income and employment. Agricultural research in India has generated outstanding productivity increases in the past and shall continue to play an important role to support rural livelihoods and accelerating rural growth. However, rising population and per capita income are pushing up the food demand, which needs to be met through enhanced productivity per unit area, input, time and energy. At the same time, issues of decreasing factor productivity and resource use efficiency have emerged. Furthermore, many promising research findings have not reached the producers, due either to the inadequacies of research design or research results, deficiencies of delivery systems or a lack of economic incentives. This is particularly evident in complex environments and in less-favored areas. In order to address poverty and hunger, it is critical to redirect and augment resources devoted to agricultural research to the farming and livelihood systems of the poor rural communities. Further, to avail the technological breakthroughs that are now available for commercial use, agricultural research priorities and strategies will have to be revisited and new system-wide approaches need to be developed and adopted.
The NAIP will address the above concerns through a combined effort on changing content and process. Policy and technology options will be checked or tested by the end-user for applicability and for economic, social and environmental sustainability. In applied and adaptive research projects, the end-user of innovations will be involved from the start of programmes and projects to their completion. Both indigenous knowledge and new or frontier technologies will be used to generate targeted products.
The overall objective of NAIP is to facilitate the accelerated and sustainable transformation of Indian agriculture in support of poverty alleviation and income generation through collaborative development and application of agricultural innovations by the public organizations in partnership with farmers groups, the private sector and other stakeholders. The specific objectives are:
- To build the critical capacity of the ICAR as a catalyzing agent for management of change of the Indian NARS (component 1).
- To promote production to consumption systems research in priority areas/themes to enhance productivity, nutrition, profitability, income and employment (component 2).
- To improve livelihood security of rural people living in selected disadvantaged regions through innovation systems led by technology and encompassing the wider process of social and economic change covering all stakeholders (component 3).
- To build capacity and undertake basic and strategic research in strategic areas to meet technology development challenges in the immediate and predictable future (component 4).
NAIP is planned for 6 years to allow time for piloting, learning and then scaling up wherever possible.