Component 3: Research on Sustainable Rural Livelihood Security
The emphasis in Component 3 on rural livelihood improvement reflects that several million people in the country remain largely by-passed by the green revolution and modern agricultural practices. A large proportion of these people and of the rural poor live in less favored, marginal or more complex environments. Long-term social, political and environmental stability requires that attention be given to these areas. The relevance of less endowed areas to decentralized development, to resource conservation, to water harnessing and bio-diversity management is being increasingly recognized.
In component 3, emphasis will be given to improving the sustainability of the farming systems and natural resource management in less favorable environments. Particular attention will be given to rain-fed, hill and mountain, coastal and island eco-regions.